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28th World Congress on Neonatology and Perinatology, will be organized around the theme “Latest Trends and Inventions in Fetal and Neonatal care”

Neonatology Meet 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Neonatology Meet 2019

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Neonatology is a branch of medicine concerned with the care, development, and diseases of new-born infants. Sometimes babies are born before their bodies are ready to leave the womb. Important organs such as the heart, lungs, stomach, and skin may not be mature enough to function without special help. Although paediatrician can take care of most medical issues of babies, a Neonatologist is trained particularly to deal with the most complicated and high-risk conditions.

 

  • Track 1-1Neonatal hepatitis
  • Track 1-2Infant respiratory distress syndrome
  • Track 1-3Vertically transmitted diseases
  • Track 1-4Neonatal sepsis
  • Track 1-5Neonatal bowel obstruction
  • Track 1-6Neonatal meningitis
  • Track 1-7Neonatal conjunctivitis
  • Track 1-8Neonatal jaundice
  • Track 1-9Diagnosing and managing heart problems in developing babies

A premature birth is a birth that takes place more than three weeks before the baby's estimated due date i.e. is fewer than 37 weeks gestational age. Those premature babies may have very mild symptoms or may have more-obvious complications. Babies born this early will likely need a longer hospital stay in a special nursery unit at the hospital. The cause of preterm birth is often exactly not known, but it may happened due to conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, being pregnant with more than one baby, being either obese or underweight, a number of vaginal infections, tobacco smoking and psychological stress are some of the reasons. Preterm birth is the most widely recognized reason for death among new born children around the world.

  • Track 2-1Lung and breathing problems
  • Track 2-2Gastrointestinal problems
  • Track 2-3Infections
  • Track 2-4Metabolism problems
  • Track 2-5Behavioural and psychological problems
  • Track 2-6Heart problems
  • Track 2-7Hearing problems

Research suggests that kangaroo mother care gives premature and low birth-weight babies a better chance of thriving. Kangaroo care method is a process of placing a premature baby  on its mother’s naked chest allowing tummy to tummy contact to locate the baby between the mother’s breasts. The baby’s head is positioned above the mother’s heart. This is a technique whereby parents or caregivers become a baby’s incubator until they could maintain their own body temperature. Kangaroo Mother Care  has essential components are skin-to-skin contact, and breastfeeding. Many studies have shown that Kangaroo Care offers significant benefits.

  • Track 3-1Weight gain in new-borns
  • Track 3-2Physiological stability
  • Track 3-3Brain, cognitive and motor development
  • Track 3-4Better, deep sleep
  • Track 3-5Helps in breast milk production
  • Track 3-6Attachment and bonding

Infants born prematurely have unique nutritional needs. The nutrition will have a lifelong impact which is provided during the first days, weeks, and months after birth. Without proper weight gain, new-borns are at risk for delays in their growth and development. Numerous studies from around the world suggest that Breast milk is the safest and healthiest food for babies. It provides all the essential nutrition for infants. Breast feeding protects infants from a long list of illnesses along with better development and stronger immune system.

  • Track 4-1First 1000 days
  • Track 4-2Breastfeeding facts
  • Track 4-3Essential Vitamins & Minerals
  • Track 4-4Management of Food Hypersensitivity
  • Track 4-5Malnutrition in Children
  • Track 4-6Food Allergies in Pediatrics
  • Track 4-7Iron Deficiency Anaemia
  • Track 4-8Constipation in Toddlers
  • Track 4-9Preventing Vitamins deficiency

Respiratory distress is a common presenting feature immediately after birth and is typically caused by abnormal respiratory function during the transition from fetal to neonatal life.When a neonate is effected by respiratory disorders there will be higher risk conditions and requires clinical care by a physician or other health care professional.

  • Track 5-1Respiratory Distress Syndrome
  • Track 5-2Respiratory Distress Syndrome
  • Track 5-3Pneumothorax
  • Track 5-4Chronic Lung Disease
  • Track 5-5Meconium Aspiration
  • Track 5-6Apnoea of Prematurity
  • Track 5-7Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn
  • Track 5-8Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension

Mostly new born babies are admitted to the NICU, they comes under premature (born before 37 weeks of pregnancy), have low birth weight (less than 5.5 pounds), or have a health condition that requires special care. Neonates who requires intensive medical attention are often admitted into the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)  in the hospital.  These premature babies requires a special care in an incubator, which provides heat to keep a constant body temperature and mimics the uterine environment. IV hydration and other evidence-based therapies are given to them along with high caloric food. Some of the below reasons might sent babies to NICU.

  • Track 6-1Prematurity
  • Track 6-2Respiratory Distress Syndrome
  • Track 6-3Sepsis or infection
  • Track 6-4Hypoglycemia
  • Track 6-5Perinatal depression
  • Track 6-6Maternal chorioamnionitis
  • Track 6-7Complications during delivery
  • Track 6-8Heart Problems
  • Track 6-9Birth Defects

Neonatal nursing is a type of subspeciality nursing who works with new born babies with a variety of issues which involves in from prematurity, birth defects, infection, cardiac malformations, and surgical problems. The neonatal period is characterized as the first month of life; however, these infants are often sick for months. Neonatal nursing for the most part includes care to those new-born children who encounter issues due to premature born or sickness after birth. A few neonatal nurses may look after babies up to around 2 years old. Most neonatal nurses may take care to babies from the period of birth until they are discharged from the hospital.

  • Track 7-1Care for premature or ill new-born infants
  • Track 7-2NICU Nursing
  • Track 7-3Neonatal nursing specialities
  • Track 7-4Neonatal Resuscitation

Maternal Fetal Medicine specialist is a doctor specializes in providing care for women who are at high risk problems during their pregnancies.Maternal Fetal Medicine specialist gives regular prenatal care for women with high-risk pregnancies which helps to manage the mother's existing health problems, such as high blood pressure and diabetes. MFM is a sub-specialty of obstetrics which focuses on the treatment and diagnosis of expectant mothers and their unborn babies.  specialist gives regular prenatal care for women with high-risk pregnancies and helps to manage the mother's existing health problems, such as high blood pressure and diabetes . MFM physician frequently monitors the growing foetus to check for the developmental conditions. We can also check for any birth defects and genetic disorders with tests such as amniocentesis and umbilical cord sampling.

An MFM specialist will work closely with pregnant women and her regular health providers for a safe labor and delivery.

  • Track 8-1Complications during pregnancy and child birth
  • Track 8-2Birth defects and genetic disorders
  • Track 8-3Diagnostic obstetrical and gynecologic ultrasound
  • Track 8-4Genetic Counseling and Advanced Genetic Testing
  • Track 8-5Diagnosing heart problems in developing babies
  • Track 8-6Diagnostic testing and procedures
  • Track 8-7Genetic Counseling and Advanced Genetic Testing
  • Track 8-8Gestational Diabetes Management

The affect of fetus or embryo which cause disease after birth or fatal is Fetal anomalies. The introduction of high-frequency vaginal probes has enabled has empowered early finding of certain fetal irregularities from the 12th to 14th week of pregnancy. Such early testing is vital for women who have encountered with pregnancy related with birth abnormalities

  • Track 9-1Palliative care for infant disability
  • Track 9-2Types and treatment for different types of fetal anomalies
  • Track 9-3Ultrasound screening for prenatal diagnosis of fetal anomalies
  • Track 9-4Congenital Heart Defects
  • Track 9-5Fetal echocardiography
  • Track 9-6Alpha-fetoprotein to detect neural tube defects
  • Track 9-7Doppler versus selective ultrasound in pregnancy

The medicinal condition which results from deprivation of oxygen to a baby that lasts long during the birth procedure to cause physical damage, usually to the brain is Perinatal asphyxia, neonatal asphyxia or birth asphyxia. The majority of the newborn child's organs can leads to Hypoxic harm (heart, lungs, liver, gut, kidneys); however brain damage is of most concern and may be to the least liable to heal. In more prominent cases, a newborn child will survive, however with harm to the brain showed as either mental, such as developmental delay or intellectual disability, or physical, such as spasticity.

  • Track 10-1Not breathing or very weak breathing
  • Track 10-2Skin colour that is bluish, grey, or lighter than normal.
  • Track 10-3Low heart rate
  • Track 10-4Poor muscle tone
  • Track 10-5Weak reflexes
  • Track 10-6Too much acid in the blood (acidosis
  • Track 10-7Amniotic fluid stained with meconium (first stool)
  • Track 10-8Seizures

Infants have weak immune systems. Most diseases in infants are caused by microbes, while some are caused by viruses. Symptoms of disease incorporate temperature over 38.0 degrees C, poor sustaining, irritability,excessive sleepiness, fast breathing and change in behaviour. If new born baby has an infection, they might be taken to the exceptional care nursery of the hospital, where they will be set on a warming bed or in an incubator to manage their body temperature. They might be connected to a cardiorespiratory monitor to measure their heart rate and breathing. They may also need a monitor called a pulse oximeter to determine whether there are proper levels of oxygen in their body.

  • Track 11-1Group B Streptococcal Disease (GBS)
  • Track 11-2Diagnosis of infection
  • Track 11-3Symptoms of infection
  • Track 11-4Causes of infection
  • Track 11-5Complications of Neonatal Infections
  • Track 11-6Congenital Infections
  • Track 11-7Candidiasis
  • Track 11-8Conjunctivitis
  • Track 11-9Sepsis
  • Track 11-10Meningitis
  • Track 11-11E. coli Infection
  • Track 11-12Listeriosis Infection
  • Track 11-13Listeriosis Infection
  • Track 11-14Treatment of infections

Preterm babies are at increased risk of encountering difficulties of vaccine preventable diseases yet are more likely to receive vaccines on time. Medicinal studies says that preterm infants and low birth weight newborn children ought to get full doses of, Haemophilus influenzae type b, hepatitis B, poliovirus, diphtheria, lockjaw, acellular pertussis and pneumococcal conjugate antibodies at a chronologic age predictable with the timetable prescribed for full-term babies.

  • Track 12-1Hepatitis B Vaccine
  • Track 12-2Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis, Hiv, and Poliovirus Vaccines
  • Track 12-3Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine
  • Track 12-4Influenza Vaccine

Most pregnancies happen without confusions. Nonetheless, a few ladies who are pregnant will encounter inconveniences that can include their wellbeing, their child's wellbeing, or both. Here the sicknesses conditions of the mother had before she ended up pregnant can leads to complications during pregnancy. Indeed, even with Complications, early discovery and pre-birth care can reduce any further risk to mother and infant.

  • Track 13-1High Blood Pressure
  • Track 13-2Gestational Diabetes
  • Track 13-3Infections
  • Track 13-4Preeclampsia
  • Track 13-5Preterm Labor
  • Track 13-6Miscarriage
  • Track 13-7Severe, persistent nausea and vomiting
  • Track 13-8Iron-deficiency anemia

Cardiac emergencies in children are not infrequent. Neonates with cardiac disease may present in acute or critical condition. Although cardiac diseases are not common causes among general pediatric emergencies, it is highly important to recognize these causes early and initiate proper treatments as they need specific and urgent management. Late diagnosis can lead to significant respiratory compromises or circulatory failure in up to 30% of non-syndromic children born with congenital heart diseases.

  • Track 14-1Clinical Pediatric Cardiology
  • Track 14-2Pediatric Congenital Heart Disease
  • Track 14-3Research in Pediatric Cardiology
  • Track 14-4Child Anesthesia For Cardiac Surgery
  • Track 14-5Pediatric Echocardiography
  • Track 14-6Pediatric Echocardiography
  • Track 14-7Pediatric Heart Transplantation
  • Track 14-8Pediatric Heart Surgery
  • Track 14-9Pediatric Pulmonology
  • Track 14-10Pediatric Atherosclerosis
  • Track 14-11Pediatric Heart Catheterization
  • Track 14-12Pediatric Eisenmenger Syndrome
  • Track 14-13Pediatric Atherosclerosis
  • Track 14-14Fetal bradyarrhythmia

Congenital and acquired conditions of Renal disorders belongs to heterogeneous groups. Renal Disease is usually by fetal ultrasonograms that detect signs of obstructive uropathy. Fetal hydrops may occur with congenital nephrotic syndrome. Renal disease vary with the type and severity of abnormality.The commonest type, is characterized by inadequate renal perfusion, and is often called prerenal azotemia. Causes are any conditions that lead to inadequate renal perfusion.Newborn infants with isolated severe renal failure may be offered long term dialysis but only after careful consideration.

  • Track 15-1Renal Disorders in the Newborn
  • Track 15-2Peritoneal dialysis
  • Track 15-3Dialysis
  • Track 15-4Nephrotoxic
  • Track 15-5Neonatal Renal Disorders
  • Track 15-6Obstructive Renal Failure
  • Track 15-7Intrinsic Renal Failure
  • Track 15-8Prenatal Diagnosis Of Renal Disease
  • Track 15-9Acute Renal Failure
  • Track 15-10Renal support therapy

Neurological disease which occurs in the treatment of newborn period is Neonatal Neurology. There are many reasons will be involved in the neurological issue. It is either due to a premature birth or due to difficult delivery and can be congenital.

  • Track 16-1Neonatal Seizures
  • Track 16-2Neurologic complications of congenital heart disease or critical illness
  • Track 16-3Neonatal Meningitis or Encephalitis
  • Track 16-4Neurologic care in metabolic diseases
  • Track 16-5Congenital brain or nervous system anomalies
  • Track 16-6Neurologic complications of prematurity
  • Track 16-7Intraventricular Hemorrhage (IVH)
  • Track 16-8Perinatal stroke and venous thrombosis
  • Track 16-9Microcephaly and Macrocephaly
  • Track 16-10Neonatal Hypotonia (floppy baby)
  • Track 16-11Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE)
  • Track 16-12 congenital heart disease or critical illness

The disorders like phenylketonuria (PKU), cystic fibrosis, sickle cell illness, basic inborn coronary illness, hearing misfortune, and others are seen in Neonatal Genetics . Despite the fact that the clinical implications of these discoveries are as yet constrained, in a few circumstances hereditary examinations may significantly help in quiet administration.

The conditions incorporated into infant screening can cause genuine medical issues beginning in earliest stages or youth. Early recognition and treatment can help counteract scholarly and physical incapacities and life undermining sicknesses. Neonatal seizures are typically self-restricted and suddenly vanish in days to half a month. The most noticeable element of neurologic brokenness in the neonatal period is the event of seizures.

  • Track 17-1Neonatal screening
  • Track 17-2Phenylketonuria (PKU)
  • Track 17-3Neonatal cellular bioenergetics
  • Track 17-4Neonatal pharmacokinetics
  • Track 17-5Neonatal seizures
  • Track 17-6Genetic abnormalities

The yellowish discoloration of the white part of the eyes and skin in a neonate due to high bilirubin levels is Neonatal jaundice .It is a common condition in the babies  born before 38weeks and some breastfed babies also. The symptoms which includes excess sleepiness or poor feeding. If the jaundice is mild in infants it often disappears on its own within two or three weeks, or else the baby should be readmitted in the hospital for the treatment. Photo therapy or light therapy is the treatment which lowers bilirubin levels in the blood in neonate. It mainly occurs due to break down of RBC’s, liver diseases, hypothyroidism etc.

  • Track 18-1Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency
  • Track 18-2Spherocytosis
  • Track 18-3Dubin-Johnson Syndrome
  • Track 18-4Cephalo-hematoma
  • Track 18-5Breastfeeding Jaundice
  • Track 18-6Unconjugated Bilirubin

If the infants do not produce required amount of insulin, which leads to increase in glucose levels is Neonatal Diabetes. It occurs in the 1st six months of babies life which is a rare disease. Juvenile diabetes is one of the kind which effects toddlers and babies. The symptoms includes frequent urination, Extreme hunger, Weight loss, Irritability or behavior changes, Fatigue, Fruity-smelling breath, Blurred vision, Yeast infection etc.

  • Track 19-1 Insulin Dependent Diabetes
  • Track 19-2Non insulin Dependent Diabetes
  • Track 19-3Transient Neonatal Diabetes
  • Track 19-4Permanent Neonatal Diabetes

Neonatal sepsis is a bacterial blood stream infection  presence in a newborn baby . It is a type of neonatal infections such as pneumonia, meningitis, gastroenteritis or pyelonephritis in the setting of fever. Neonatal sepsis as  also known as"sepsis neonatorum". The major cause of neonatal sepsis is caused by a bacteria Group B streptococcus and some of the bacteria like Escherichia coli, some strains of streptococcus and Listeria. The symptoms involves vomiting, diarrhea, bradycardia, temperature instability, respiratory distress, diminished spontaneous activity, seizures, jaundice etc. It can be treated by a methods such as Antibiotic Therapy, Investigational Therapies etc.

  • Track 20-1Development of septic shock or organ failure
  • Track 20-2Microbiological eradication (for antibiotics)
  • Track 20-3Organ failure resolution
  • Track 20-4Modification of assigned treatment
  • Track 20-5Neuro-developmental outcome
  • Track 20-6Complications of sepsis

Reflexes are the responses which are abnormal in other ages but are common in infants. Inborn reflexes are the neonatal reflexes which displays during the child birth. A regularly creating infant should react to certain stimuli with these reflexes. When the child matures the reflexes eventually becomes inhibited.

  • Track 21-1 Adaptive value of reflexes.
  • Track 21-2Moro reflex.
  • Track 21-3Walking/stepping reflex.
  • Track 21-4Rooting reflex.
  • Track 21-5Sucking reflex.
  • Track 21-6symmetrical tonic neck reflex.
  • Track 21-7Symmetrical tonic neck reflex.
  • Track 21-8Palmar grasp reflex.